# Straight-Skeleton Subdivision Problem!

Hey folks!

Attached series of images are highlighting a problem that we have suffered during preparing an energy model of a hotel building. The images show the building layout and the offsets that we created to have a (core + perimeter) setup but as you see when we tried to rotate or relocate the building fingers, the definition stuck to find correct zones.

After quick research, we found that the best way of creating (core + perimeter) zones for quite complex shapes is the idea of straight skeleton subdivision, something like attached GIF by LiquidSo https://discourse.mcneel.com/u/liquidso/summary.

So, what do you think? Do you have any idea how to develop this on Grasshopper?

Your first gif is really small… cannot see what is going on there.
Also, you are talking about “energy model”… is that a roof?
Can you give more details on your problem?

Thank you @maje90 for your interest. I’m sorry for this confusion. I just updated the post with more clear images and quite detailed description.
It’s a typical floor of the building and this is its top view.
What do you think?

I still don’t understand what is all of this… sorry.
If you just want to make clean offset maybe you should try clipper plugin…

I’m sorry that the problem is still not that clear for you. Here you are the problem in different words:

In conceptual phase when you’re creating your first computational sketches in your design process, you build a quick parametric 3D model that help you to test all your design variations in an easy way compared to conventional and traditional ways.

So, for example, if your goal is to test your generated mass energy efficiency, you should first divide it into ZONES. This process got automated by the guys of Hoenybee through a component called “Honeybee_SplitFloor2ThermalZones”. This component is able to automate the process of subdividing the building mass into (Core + Perimeter). However this component get stuck usually for non-convex shapes “quite complicated network of curves”.

Then we tried to override this problem and create small definition to be able to deal with those non-convex geometries to create this offset easily “Check attached image”.

This way succeeded but with many limitations as you see in the series of images in our top post. If you are trying to reconfigure the building layout, offsets get intersected and creating a mess.

We searched to find another way of creating building zones with no problems and we found what Timur Dogan, Christoph Reinhart, and Panagiotis Michalatos mentioned about using “straight-skeleton subdivision” is a perfect clue for this problem.

Now, to sum up, we are searching to find a definition or a plugin that can do this job using the concept of, or something similar to, “straight-skeleton subdivision”.

I wish you find this helpful to understand the problem clearly.

Looking forward to hear from you.

This seems related to a “roof generator”…

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Oh, this is great suggestion @maje90! Thanks a bunch, man!

I just have a further minor problem. I used the definition with angle zero to create flat surfaces.

The problem is that I need to clean up this flat surface from those small lines, something like collapsing those useless lines and then merge those faces together to have a clean face.

Do you know how can we get this result?

@laurent_delrieu Do you have any ideas that how we can control hiding those lines through your great script?

Hello @m.nagy.eg,
here is a little trick to “merge” coplanar faces. As faces have not the same direction (my fault in my script) I fits join breps in order to orient then then explode them them group by direction then extract naked edges. I hope it is useful.

20191121_Sand dunes roof .gh (13.5 KB)

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Well … it’s just a line you know.

Laurent_SC.gh (14.8 KB)

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Awesome! Thanks a bunch @laurent_delrieu for your great help.

It works but with small limitation.

I need to clean up those highlighted lines “the problem that you successfully solved” and in addition to keep their faces existing.

The attached definition by you helped to clean up the lines, but unfortunately failed to keep the faces.

What do you think to tackle this last problem?

Cool Peter I searched a bit in Grasshopper the merge coplanar faces but I didn’t search in Rhinocommon…

If I understand well you need to remove outer edges ? It is easy before projection on plane

Here using Peter script output
20191121_Sand dunes roof Peter Fotiadis.gh (13.9 KB)

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Perfect, Thank you @laurent_delrieu
How can I control the roof angle of inclination in this new definition?

The roof angle is just a Scale NU in Z like in the first definition. Simple trigonometric formula allows you to control the angle.

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Thank you Peter for your precious participation. It works very nice!

Successfully it works perfect for now,

Laurent_SC_Roof_Angle.gh (17.5 KB)

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There’s another thing that I want your cool participation in.
In the script, can we control those highlighted inclination distances “in yellow” to be equal, then we can create a flat surface after we reached its length threshold?