I’ve tried checking the angular dimension between the curves but the component doesn’t output anything so it could tell me it’s 180 degrees between them but I can’t use the 180 value, just view it…
It could be beneficial for me to get the angle value so I could work with it… is there a better way to do this?
Stating the obvious: grasshopper angles are in radians.
Pi = 180° = 3.14159
Line objects (which in grasshopper are a particular case of curve), can be directly converted into vectors.
You can use the Vector Angle component to measure the angle, and when the two of them are tangent you should expect a zero-ish value. You can make a test if the value is under a tolerance like 0.001 you say they are tangent.
Note: the 2 lines (converted to vector) create a 0 angle when their direction is the same, like both pointing towards the right of the picture.
A 180° or better Pi angle would mean Line A direction is to the left, and B to the right, or viceversa.
Thank you @seghierkhaled , It worked and it’s a good solution, But I was just thinking that I wouldn’t be able to have any tolerance using this method, it would be dead straight or it won’t join… I’m sorry as I’m thinking about it as I go
That is why I was more after comparing the angle of any two lines, maybe sometimes there will be a up to 1 degree angle between the lines or so and that should still join…
But how would you be sure that your curves are in the correct order?.
Without the correct order how is it possible to compare a angle?.
Splitting the curve at a specific value later is a better way to go.
You could use the same logic from this thread but instead of culling just split at the false and not the true member
You see, again a new condition.
You know to find solutions we must draw many cases from your drawings and explanations than you create a new condition and we create new lines, why you don’t draw your lines with all your conditions and share the file?
The most obvious solution wasn’t mentioned here at all (or I missed it).
“Best way to test if two curves are tangent?”
Foremost, some clarification on terms. A line is a subtype of a curve. Actually, it’s a curve with no curvature. But a line is not equal to a curve!
In my opinion, the best way is when you understand what’s going on. Sure you can make library calls all day, but if you want to learn something then you might want to understand the math underneath…
The tangent of a line is
vTan = pEnd - pStart.
The length of the vector we get (which is the same as the length of the line)
length = Sqrt(x²+y²+z²)
By dividing the vTan with its length, we get its normalized vector (length = 1)
|vTan| = vTan / length
Now, when having two lines, we know if they are parallel if the dot-product of both normalized tangents are 1. They are antiparallel if the dot is -1.
To compare two floating numbers, you usually do an epsilon equal comparison. In its simplest form
you compare two number within a given tolerance, by saying if the abs(b-a) < tolerance.
By taking the arccos(dot) you get the angles in rad. Just in case you want to epsilon equal in angles.
Of course you also need to check if line A and line B are on the same line. Therefore you need to compute a vector by picking two points on each line. By checking if the vector is again parallel or antiparallel to the tangent you know if lineA is linear. As alternative you can check if one endpoint is positional aligned to another endpoint on the other curve. Then you basically check for positional continuity. (So you epsilon equal two end-points.)
(On a NurbsCurve this is a bit more complex, because the tangent is the first derivative of the parametric equation at a given parameter. But essentially, you don’t need to do this math at all. Because Grasshopper offers you some components to get the Tangent using the EvalCurve component. By extracting the tangent, of a curve, you also get the normalized vector. So you only need to compute the dot and make the comparison)